File Manager 22.2 Security & Privacy Manual

Contents > Glossary


.01 Field The most important field in a file, as identified by the file’s designer. The .01 field of each record must contain information; if the value of the .01 field is deleted, the entire record is deleted.
Access code See Access/Verify Code and Fileman Access Code. Using the phrase “access code” by itself can cause confusion.
Access/Verify Code The codes users enter to sign in to VISTA.
Archiving Moving inactive records into storage. This can free up space in the database for active records, and help keep the system running smoothly.
Audit In Fileman, auditing a field means making a note in the corresponding audit log when certain transactions are carried out.
Audit access One of the levels of access available for users of Fileman. Users with audit access can turn auditing on and off.
Audit value The value that can be placed in the audit field of a particular data field. The possible values are: “yes, always,” “edited or deleted,” and “no.” The field can also be left blank, which is essentially the same thing as a “no” value.
Browser In VISTA, a tool for viewing data on your screen that has more options and better flexibility than a simple screen view. If it has been enabled on your system, the Browser can be selected at any Device prompt.
Data dictionary A file that defines all the attributes of the various files in the Fileman database. Changing a file’s data dictionary entry changes the way the file is set up.
Data-dictionary access One of the levels of access available for users of Fileman. Users with data dictionary access (usually programmers) can change how a field or file is set up.
Database key One or more fields that uniquely identify a record in a database.
Delete access One of the levels of access available for users of Fileman. Users with delete access can delete values in fields.
DUZ A special variable that holds the user ID of any user in the VISTA system.
DUZ(0) A special variable associated with DUZ. DUZ(0) stores the user’s Fileman Access Codes.
Extracting In Fileman, copying a file or part of a file and placing the contents in another file. Data extraction is often used for studies and statistical analysis.
File Access-by-User A method for file security, managed through Kernel. File Access-by-User is an alternative to Fileman Access Codes.
Filegram A data format designed for moving a record from one VISTA system to another.
Fileman Access Code Fileman’s native method for file security. Each file, field, and template can be given a Fileman Access Code, and users can be given corresponding codes so they can have access.
IHS Indian Health Services, one of the primary developers of VISTA.
Kernel Another of VISTA’s infrastructure packages. Kernel handles much of VISTA’s security.
Key See Database Key and Security Key. Using the word “key” by itself can cause confusion.
LAYGO access One of the levels of access available for users of Fileman. Short for learn-as-you-go, LAYGO access allows users to add records to files.
Line Editor The older of VISTA’s two native word-processing tools.
Local variable In MUMPS, a variable being used by a programmer in his or her own programming space. Local variables do not affect the rest of the system.
Menuman A Kernel module that can present different menus to different users, based on their job roles and security keys.
MUMPS (Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi-Programming System) The computer language of VISTA and Fileman.
OSEHRA (Open-Source Electronic Health Record Agent) OSEHRA is a non-profit organization tasked with coordinating the various opensource VISTA projects.
Programmer access One of the Fileman Access Codes available. Users with this access (denoted by @) can access any field, file, or template, except those specifically designated off-limits to users (with ^).
Programmer mode A special computer environment in which programmers can enter code and create programs. The security key XUPROGMODE is needed to enter programmer mode. Programmer mode is sometimes called direct mode.
Purge To delete excess files in order to make room on the system. In Fileman, audit logs are not automatically purged, so manual purges must be conducted on a regular basis.
Read access One of the levels of access available for users of Fileman. Users with read access can view information, but cannot change, add, or delete anything.
Screen Editor The newer of VISTA’s two native wordprocessing tools.
Security key An electronic code that allows the user to access certain areas of the system. In Menuman, security keys are used to lock some menu options away from some users.
SQL Structured Query Language, a popular language for relational databases. Fileman does not use SQL, but it does have tools that allow programmers to write SQL interfaces to Fileman.
Super-user A user who manages VISTA and Fileman for their department. Different organizations have different terms for their super-users, including CAC, ADPAC, Application Coordinator, and Informaticist.
Symbol table In MUMPS, the place where a programmer’s local variables are stored. A programmer’s symbol table does not affect the rest of the VISTA or Fileman system.
System file Any file visible on the hard drive of a computer. Fileman files do not show up as system files.
Template A Fileman feature that allows users to save queries, searches, and reports so that they can be run again. Templates can be given Fileman Access Codes.
VA The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the government agency that developed VISTA.
Write access One of the levels of access available for users of Fileman. Users with write access can change data, but they cannot add or delete records.