File Manager 22.2 Getting Started Manual

Contents > Glossary


.01 Field The single most important field in a file, as defined by the file’s creator.
Alternate Editor One of the text editors available for use from Fileman. Editors available vary from site to site. They are entries in the ALTERNATE EDITOR file (#1.2).
Browser A Screen Mode tool that allows you to view Fileman output. If enabled, the Browser can be selected at the device prompt or as a Fileman option.
Caption In Screenman, a label displayed on the screen. Captions often identify fields that are to be edited.
Command Area In Screenman, the bottom portion of the screen used to display help information and to accept user commands.
Data Dictionary A record of a file’s structure, its elements (fields and their attributes), and relationships to other files. Often abbreviated as DD.
Data Type The kind of data stored in a field. Numeric, computed, and word-processing are examples of Fileman data types.
Database An organized collection of data spanning many files. Often, all the files on a system constitute that system’s database.
Default A computer-provided response to a question or prompt. In Fileman, the default is often the most common answer or the most recent answer.
Device Prompt A prompt that allows you to specify where your output should be “printed.” Devices include your computer screen, the spooler, a network printer, and the Browser (if enabled).
Edit Window In Screenman, the area in which you enter or edit data. It is highlighted with either reverse video or an underline. In Screen Editor, the area in which you enter and edit text; the area between the status bar and the ruler.
Entry A record in a file. “Entry” and “record” are used interchangeably.
Entry Number See Internal Entry Number.
Field In a record, a specified area used to hold values. The specifications of each Fileman field are documented in the file’s data dictionary.
Field Number The unique number used to identify a field in a file.
File A set of related records (or entries) treated as a unit.
Form In Screenman, a group of one or more pages that comprise a complete transaction.
Free Text A data type that can contain any printable characters.
Identifier A field used to identify a record, sometimes in conjunction with other identifiers. Some identifiers are required, meaning that the record will not be saved if the field is a null value.
Input Template A template of fields to be edited, used in conjunction with the Enter or Edit File Entries option.
Inquire Template A template of entries to be viewed, used in conjunction with the Inquire to File Entries option.
Internal Entry Number The number used to identify an entry within a file. Every record has a unique internal entry number. Often abbreviated as IEN.
Kernel A VISTA software package that functions as an intermediary between the host operating system and VISTA application packages. Kernel includes installation, menu, security, and device services.
Key One or more fields that uniquely identify a record.
Label An attribute of a field. The name you usually see when encountering the field (for example, NAME).
LAYGO A user’s authorization to create a new entry selecting a record from a file. An acronym for Learn As You Go.
Line Editor The Fileman editor that lets you input and change text on a line-by-line basis. The Line Editor works in scrolling mode. See Screen Editor.
Mailman An electronic mail system (e-mail) that allows you to send messages to and receive them from other users via the computer. It is part of VISTA.
Menu A list that includes the names of options from which you can select an activity.
Multiple A Fileman data type that allows more than one value for a single entry. See Subfile.
MUMPS The computer language used by Fileman and throughout VISTA. The acronym MUMPS stands for Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi- Programming System. MUMPS is sometimes shortened to M.
Non-null A value other than null. A space and zero are non-null values.
Null Empty. A field or variable that has no value associated with it is null.
Option A computing activity that you can select, usually a choice from a menu.
Pointer to a File A field data type that “points” to information that resides in another file.
Pop-up Page In Screenman, a page that overlays the regular Screenman screen in order to present the contents of a selected multiple.
Preferred Editor The editor always entered when you access a wordprocessing field; your default editor. Kernel must be present to establish a Preferred Editor.
Print Template The stored specifications of a printed report, including fields to be printed and formatting instructions.
Programmer Access The ability to use Fileman features that are reserved for application developers. You do not need programmer access to use any of the features described in this manual.
Record A set of data pertaining to a single entity in a file; an entry in a file.
Record Number See Internal Entry Number.
Required Field A field that cannot be left null for an entry.
Screen Editor Fileman’s Screen-oriented text editor. It can be used to enter data into any word processing field using full-screen editing.
Screen Mode A computer interface in which you see many lines of data at a time and in which you can move your cursor around the display screen using screen navigation commands. Compare to Scrolling Mode.
Screenman The set of routines that supports Screen Mode.
Scrolling Mode The presentation of the interactive dialogue one line at a time, often called “roll and-scroll.” Compare to Screen Mode.
Search Template The saved results of a search operation. Usually, the actual entries found are stored in addition to the criteria used to select those entries.
Set of Codes A field type where a short character string is defined to represent a longer value.
Sort Template The stored record of sort specifications. It contains sorting order as well as restrictions on the selection of entries. Used to prepare entries for printing.
Subentry A record in a multiple.
Subfield A field in a multiple.
Subfile A file within a file, having its own fields. Sometimes called a multiple field, or just a multiple.
Title An attribute of a field, often an alternate name for the field. Although all fields can have titles, not all of them do. See Label.
Truth Test An evaluation of an expression yielding a true or false result. Used in the Search File Entries option.
Up-arrow (caret) The ^ character (caret); used in Fileman for exiting an option or canceling a response. Also used in combination with a field name or prompt to jump to the specified field or prompt.